An online resource based on the award-winning nature guide

This Year’s Black Bear Cubs Growing Up Fast

5-8-17 black bear cub 054

It’s hard to believe that four months ago when it was born this Black Bear cub weighed less than a pound and measured about eight inches in length! Most Black Bears mate in June, but because of delayed implantation their fertilized eggs don’t implant in the uterine wall and the embryos don’t begin developing until the fall (if the mother has had a sufficiently nutritional diet), just as the mother is entering hibernation.

The cubs are born in January, after only a few months inside their mother. They are just a fraction of one percent of the mother bear’s weight, compared to an average human baby that is about seven percent of its mother’s weight. The cubs nurse constantly for the next four months (during which time their mother is not eating or drinking).  The fat content of Black Bear milk can be as high as 20-25 percent. Human milk is comparable to cows’ milk, generally ranging between three and five percent fat. (A biologist who had the opportunity to sample Black Bear milk reported that it was similar in taste to sweetened condensed milk.)

In April, when the cubs emerge from their den, they weigh about six pounds.  Milk production and intake now increases four-fold. Peak lactation (45 ounces of milk per day per cub) occurs in June and July. As a result, the cubs have a huge growth spurt their first summer and will weigh between 40 and 60 pounds by the end of it.

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4 responses

  1. Alice Pratt

    Chubby Cubbies! Good Mommy Bear!

    May 8, 2017 at 8:36 am

  2. betsy janeway

    Dear Mary,
    Has any scientist ever figured out how bears can lie around and sleep almost all the way through winter without losing all their muscles? They can get up and walk. Humans would be unable to do this after only a few weeks of inactivity. Could it be their amazingly high content of fatty milk diet as cubs? I’ve always wondered about this amazing post-hibernation muscle strength. I think it is still a mystery. Am I right? (Yes, I do know bears don’t truly hibernate…)
    Betsy Janeway

    May 8, 2017 at 8:39 am

  3. Barbara Holmes

    Precious!

    May 8, 2017 at 9:08 am

  4. Jane Marshall

    The cub is such a cute little beastie!

    May 8, 2017 at 10:23 am

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