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Archive for June 5, 2017

Wild Chervil Removal Tips

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Should you wish to rid yourself or others of invasive Wild Chervil, a Naturally Curious reader, Susan Hand, generously shared this helpful information:

Wild chervil is not a strict biennial but monocarpic meaning that it flowers once then dies. The problem is that each root is capable of producing many offsets, lateral buds that do not die when the main root dies. New seedlings can take several years to reach blooming size.

The best way I have found to control or remove this plant is to dig it up being careful to get all the buds. The roots tend to be less than one foot deep but you do not need to get all of the root just the very top where the leaves join and the root and all the offsets, think carrot not dandelion.

I live in central Vermont and have been dealing with chervil for 19 years removing it from my 3.5 acre property and have for the most part succeeded. I have found if I remove all the blooming plants and as many of the smaller non blooming plants that I find the it does not spread but it can take up to five years to completely remove a large patch.


Wild Chervil Flowering

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You can’t drive very far right now without seeing a sea of tiny, white flowers belonging to an invasive plant, Wild Chervil (Anthriscus sylvestris), crowding the shoulders of the road. A member of the carrot family, Wild Chervil leafs out early in the spring before most native plants and consequently shades them out and displaces them. It spreads aggressively and produces many seeds that are dispersed by birds, water and mowing (after the seeds have set).

Native to Europe, Wild Chervil was introduced in the early 1900’s to North America in wildflower seed mixes intended to reproduce the European countryside in gardens. Little did gardeners know that among these seeds was a plant that would outcompete native plant species and drastically reduce wildlife habitat. In addition to choking out native plants, Wild Chervil also is the host for a virus that infects carrots, parsnips, and celery.

Because it is a prolific seed-producer Wild Chervil can be challenging to eradicate. The best way to control it is to stop it from flowering and setting seed, but unless you mow early, every year, before its flower buds open, this isn’t a very effective method. Its up to six-foot-long taproot makes removing it by hand extremely difficult, but possible; however, this method also runs the risk of breaking off lateral buds at the top of its roots that can grow into new plants. Beware — Wild Chervil looks a lot like Poisonous Hemlock (Conium maculatum).

One of the few positive things to be said about Wild Chervil is that its flowers are a source of nectar for small bees, parasitic wasps, flies and beetles. Black Swallowtail larvae feed on the foliage.   Many of these flowers are being visited now by thousands of flies in the Bibionidae family. Pull over the next time you see clouds of white smothering the edge of a road and look for these tiny, black flies. The males are the ones with the big eyes (pictured).

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